Common Quail

Coturnix coturnix

(C. c. coturnix)

Armenian Name: Լոր
Common Quail

See Plate 21 for Common Quail and other similar species

Resident Status: Breeding bird
Abundance: Common
Length:16-18 cm, Wing Span:32-35 cm
Distribution Map: Map 94.
Description: Very small ground-dwelling bird, more often heard than seen.
Adult: Pale yellow-brown overall, densely streaked and barred with dark brown on upperparts. Breast pale orange fading to white on belly; flanks streaked with black, brown, and off-white. Male: head conspicuously striped with blackish throat. Female: head more faintly marked, throat pale, breast has short blackish streaks.
Juvenile: Similar to adult female but head pattern browner and lacks cheek stripe.
Similar Species: Differs from adult Grey Partridge or Chukar by much smaller size and narrower wings. Half-grown (able to fly) partridge or Chukar may be mistaken for Common Quail.
Behavior: Song is best clue to bird's presence; an often-repeated three-note call.
Habitat: Weedy wheat, barley, and oat fields, hay meadows, alpine and subalpine meadows up to 2800 m.
Food: Cereal grains, weed seeds, and insects.
Nest: Shallow depression loosely lined with grass in hayfield, grassland, and cultivated field.
Eggs: 30 mm, 8-16, bluish olive-brown, brown spots.