Great Bustard

Otis tarda

(O. t. tarda)

Armenian Name: Մեծ արոս
Species Status: Endangered Species - Species of Special Concern
Great Bustard

See Plate 23 for Great Bustard and other similar species

Resident Status: Migrant
Abundance: Rare
Length:75-105 cm, Wing Span:190-260 cm
Distribution Map: Map 107.
Description: Huge bustard with gray head, brown-yellow upperparts with fine black barring, and white underparts. White wing coverts; black secondaries contrast with grayish outerwing.
Adult (Breeding): Male has enlarged head and neck, long white mustache, and wide brown-red collar. Female lacks mustache and is about one-half size of male.
Adult (Non-breeding): Males lack mustache; neck becomes narrower.
Similar Species: Differs from other bustards by large size, plain head and neck, and grayish outerwing.
Behavior: Gregarious; walks slowly through grass in goose-like manner, with some birds feeding while others are alert. Strong flier with slow steady wingbeats.
Habitat: Wide flat areas: alfalfa fields, steppe with short sparse vegetation.
Food: Green plants, seeds, insects, frogs, small mammals.