Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

(R. r. riparia)

Armenian Name: Առափնյա ծիծեռնակ
Sand Martin

See Plate 36 for Sand Martin and other similar species

Resident Status: Breeding bird
Abundance: Common
Length:12 cm, Wing Span:26.5-29 cm
Distribution Map: Map 211.
Adult: Brown above, white below with brown breast band and moderately-forked tail.
Juvenile: Narrow whitish feather edges on back and upperwings; speckled breast band.
Similar Species: Differs from other swallows and martins by smaller size, brown breast band, and short dark tail.
Behavior: Agile fluttering flight; flies with quick wingbeats low over water surface. In flight, gives short series of buzzing notes.
Habitat: Near ponds, lakes, rivers.
Food: Airborne insects.
Nest: Colonial; burrow in sand or soft earthen bank with nest of grasses, plant fibers, and feathers.
Eggs: 18 mm, 4-5, white.