Common Stonechat, Siberian Stonechat

Saxicola torquata

(S. t. rubicola, S. t. armenica, S. t. variegata, S. t. maura)

Armenian Name: Սևագլուխ չքչքան
Common Stonechat, Siberian Stonechat

See Plate 41 for Common Stonechat, Siberian Stonechat and other similar species

Resident Status: Year-round resident
Abundance: Uncommon
Length:12.5 cm, Wing Span:18-21 cm
Distribution Map: Map 245.
Description: S. t. rubicola: all-black tail, streaked rump; S. t. armenica: white on base of black tail, unstreaked white rump; S. t. variegata: basal half of tail white, unstreaked white rump. ^^^^^^^S. t. maura (sometimes considered a separate species, Siberian Stonechat): Black tail lacking any white at base. Non-breeding- faint pale supercilium and large unstreaked pale orange rump; throat white to pale gray. Pale brown above with dark broken lines on back. Female- paler than male with a white throat. Behavior- sits on open perch; drops to ground to capture prey. Habitat- scrubby grasslands, edges of reedbeds, field edges.^^^^^^^
Adult (Breeding): Male has brown-black head and upperparts with variably-sized white patches on neck and wing; variably orange breast and flanks. Female is mottled brown-gray above.
Adult (Non-breeding): Much duller with pale feather edges.
Juvenile: Dull gray-brown above; underparts show brown feather tips.
Behavior: Constantly flicks tail.
Habitat: Mountain steppe, woodland glades, fields.
Food: Invertebrates, seeds.
Nest: Grassy cup lined with hair and wool, on ground under grass tussock or in bush.
Eggs: 18 mm, 4-6, deep bluish-green, red-brown spots.