Northern Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe

(O. o. oenanthe)

Armenian Name: Սովորական քարաթռչնակ
Northern Wheatear

See Plate 45 for Northern Wheatear and other similar species

Resident Status: Breeding bird
Abundance: Common
Length:14.5-15.5 cm, Wing Span:26-32 cm
Distribution Map: Map 248.
Description: Pale supercilium and medium-width black tail band.
Adult (Breeding): Male has blue-gray from crown to back, black mask and wings, pale orange throat and breast, and white underparts. Female is duller and browner above; paler face.
Adult (Non-breeding): Both sexes similar to female, but with yellow tint on entire plumage and pale edges on wing feathers.
Juvenile: Similar to non-breeding female but darker and duller; scalloped below.
Similar Species: Differs from Isabelline Wheatear by smaller size, narrower black tail band, and dark underwing coverts and axillaries.
Behavior: Perches on rocks scanning for movement of insects. Song-flights given at heights of 15-30 m.
Habitat: Open rocky plains from semidesert to high mountains, river gorges; fields and grasslands in migration.
Food: Invertebrates, few berries.
Nest: Cup of stems and grasses in rock cavity, wall, or under rocks.
Eggs: 21 mm, 4-7, pale blue.