Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea

(S. e. caucasica)

Armenian Name: Սովորական սիտեղ
Eurasian Nuthatch

See Plate 53 for Eurasian Nuthatch and other similar species

Resident Status: Year-round resident
Abundance: Common
Length:14 cm, Wing Span:22.5-27 cm
Distribution Map: Map 301.
Description: Large-headed and short-tailed bird. Long black eyestripe and dark bill. Gray-blue above; white chin, pale orange breast and belly, and off-white spots on undertail coverts. Gray and white tips on outertail feathers.
Similar Species: Differs from Rock-nuthatches by darker upperparts and mostly orange underparts with spotted undertail coverts.
Behavior: Agile; often climbs head first down tree trunks. Wedges seeds in crack in bark before opening them.
Habitat: Mature forests, tall riverside woodlands.
Food: Invertebrates, seeds.
Nest: Base of bark chips and moss in mud-plastered tree cavity or nest box.
Eggs: 20 mm, 6-8, white, red-brown blotches.