Coccothraustes coccothraustes

(C. c. coccothraustes, C. c. nigricans)

Armenian Name: Հատբեկիչ

See Plate 57 for Hawfinch and other similar species

Resident Status: Year-round resident
Abundance: Uncommon
Length:18 cm, Wing Span:29-33 cm
Distribution Map: Map 328.
Description: Appears short-tailed and front-heavy with white tip to tail, large white and brown-orange wingbar, and massive bill. In flight, shows white stripe on primaries.
Adult (Breeding): Dark bills. Male has black, brown-orange, and gray on head and neck, and glossy blue-black central flight feathers. Female has duller head and neck and gray-edged central wing feathers.
Adult (Non-breeding): Both sexes duller with yellowish bills.
Juvenile: Duller and browner than adults with brown spots and bars below.
Behavior: Rather secretive. Often in small family groups flying through and over the tops of trees. Usually feeds high in the canopy in dense foliage or on forest floor.
Habitat: Deciduous forest, orchards.
Food: Seeds, fruits, buds, some invertebrates.
Nest: Base of dry twigs with cup of grasses; usually high in dense shrub or fruit tree.
Eggs: 24 mm, 4-5, pale blue, brownish-black spots and lines