Great Bittern

Botaurus stellaris

(B. s. stellaris)

Armenian Name: Մեծ ջրցուլ
Species Status: Threatened Species - Species of Special Concern
Great Bittern

See Plate 4 for Great Bittern and other similar species

Resident Status: Migrant, Winter Visitor
Abundance: Uncommon
Length:70-80 cm
Distribution Map: Map 20.
Description: Secretive heron. Yellow-brown overall. Finely streaked and barred with brown and black; lighter below with distinct streaks. Greenish-yellow bill and green legs. Mustache mark conspicuous in adult.
Similar Species: Differs from juvenile Black-crowned Night-Heron by streaked, not spotted, back and more distinct streaking below.
Behavior: Most active at dawn, dusk, and night. Often assumes camouflage posture of extended neck and body vertical in reeds; stands motionless or swaying with reeds.
Habitat: Marshes and ponds with dense vegetation.
Food: Fish, amphibians, other small animals.