Little Bittern

Ixobrychus minutus

(I. m. minutus)

Armenian Name: Փոքր ջրցուլ
Little Bittern

See Plate 4 for Little Bittern and other similar species

Resident Status: Breeding bird
Abundance: Uncommon
Length:33-38 cm, Wing Span:52-58 cm
Distribution Map: Map 19.
Description: Very small secretive heron.
Adult (Breeding): Male has blackish cap and back with pale yellow wing patches. Underparts pale and streaked. Female has browner back and more distinct streaking.
Adult (Non-breeding): Both sexes have darker face, wing patch, and underparts.
Juvenile: Brown overall with mottled back and streaked wings and underparts.
Behavior: Most active at dawn, dusk, and night. Makes short flights close to cover before dropping into dense vegetation.
Habitat: Marshes, river banks, and ponds with emergent vegetation.
Food: Insects, fish, amphibians, small birds and eggs.
Nest: Small compact mound of dry reed stems in reedbeds.
Eggs: 36 mm, 5-7, white.