Common Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

(F. t. tinnunculus)

Armenian Name: Սովորական հողմավար բազե
Common Kestrel

See Plate 11 for Common Kestrel and other similar species See Plate 15 for Common Kestrel and other similar species in flight

Flight Characteristics: Long rounded tail with dark subterminal band. Male has blue-gray head, dark mustache, and blue-gray base of tail. Female and juvenile are more densely spotted and streaked below with a brownish tail base. Usually flies with shallow wingbeats. Hovers frequently. Soars with tail fanned.
Resident Status: Year-round resident
Abundance: Common
Length:32-35 cm, Wing Span:71-80 cm
Distribution Map: Map 54.
Description: Long-tailed falcon with tip of closed wing well short of tail tip. Broad subterminal tail band, dark mustache mark, and black claws. Male has gray head and tail, spotted red-brown back. Female red-brown with dark streaking overall.
Similar Species: Differs from Lesser Kestrel by darker, more densely spotted underwing, and dark claws; male has spotted back and mustache mark.
Behavior: Hovers frequently. Often perches on wires, posts, cliffs.
Habitat: Semidesert, mountain steppe, subalpine areas, river gorges, often near settlements.
Food: Insects, small mammals, birds.
Nest: Old magpie or crow nests on ledge of cliff or building.
Eggs: 39 mm, 3-7, off-white, red-brown spots.