Saker Falcon

Falco cherrug

(F. c. cherrug)

Armenian Name: Բալոբան
Species Status: Endangered Species - Species of Special Concern
Saker Falcon

See Plate 12 for Saker Falcon and other similar species See Plate 15 for Saker Falcon and other similar species in flight

Flight Characteristics: Large broad wings, long tail, and bluntly-pointed dark wingtips. Variably dark underwing coverts contrast with paler bases of flight feathers. Rear flanks and undertail coverts streaked or unmarked. Upperparts pale brownish; pale head with faint mustache. Central tail feathers unbarred above. Soars with level wings and closed tail.
Resident Status: Year-round resident
Abundance: Rare
Length:45-55 cm, Wing Span:102-126 cm
Distribution Map: Map 59.
Description: Large falcon with long tail and faint mustache mark. Sexes similar. Brown upperparts with dark outerwing. Pale head contrasts with darker body. Underparts white with brown streaks; dark band on underwing.
Similar Species: Differs from adult Lanner and Peregrine Falcons by contrastingly light head, brown upperparts, and streaked underparts.
Behavior: Usually hunts close to ground, pouncing on prey. Perches on cliff ledges, poles.
Habitat: Open areas of arid mountains; semidesert.
Food: Small mammals, birds.
Nest: Scrape on cliff ledge, or old nest of other raptor on cliff or in tree.
Eggs: 54 mm, 3-5, pale brown, red-brown and black spots.