Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

(H. r. rustica)

Armenian Name: Գյուղական ծիծեռնակ
Barn Swallow

See Plate 36 for Barn Swallow and other similar species

Resident Status: Breeding bird
Abundance: Common
Length:17-19 cm, Wing Span:32-34.5 cm
Distribution Map: Map 213.
Description: Streamlined swallow with long wings and long deeply-forked tail. Upperparts and breast band glossy blue-black. Red forehead and throat. Underparts can vary from off-white to pale reddish. Females, and especially juveniles, have shorter less-forked tails.
Similar Species: Differs from Red-rumped Swallow (see Plate 61) by entirely dark upperparts, dark breast band, and pale undertail coverts.
Habitat: Human settlements, farmland; widespread on migration.
Food: Airborne insects.
Nest: Mud cup lined with feathers and rootlets on ledge, wall, or overhang of building.
Eggs: 20 mm, 4-5, white, red-brown spots.